The New Jerusalem

9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me[f] and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.”[g] 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy[h] Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, 11having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. 12 Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 13 three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. 
14 Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names[i] of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.15 And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. 17 Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. 18 The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.


 

9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me[f] and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.”[g] 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy[h] Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, 

This is similar to the beginning of Chapter 17.  The Lamb’s Wife, the New Jerusalem ,   is being contrasted with Babylon, “the great harlot.”  “In the spirit” is an exalted state in which John received  all the visions of this book.  This time while he was in the spirit he was carried away to a high mountain overlooking Jerusalem.

11having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal

The rest of this chapter is a  very vivid description of the new city of God.  From what we read here, John is trying his best to describe the undescribible beauty and glory of the New Jerusalem.  In this verse John is description is emphasizing the God’ glory, which is the source of light for the city.  The light in the new Jerusalem will be much like the brilliant reflection of priceless Jasper.

12 Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 13 three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. 
14 Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names[i] of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

This is a picture of God’s future home for all of His people.  The twelve tribes of Israel represent all of the faithful in the Old Testament.  The twelve Apostles represent the church. Both Jews and believing Gentiles who have been faithful to God will live together in the new earth.

15 And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. 16 The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. 17 Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. 

The description here in that of a cube, the same shape as the Most Holy Place in the temple,  the measurements are all multiples of twelve.  The cube was an ancient symbol of perfection. Twelve thousand furlongs is about 1400 miles, so the city is 1400 miles high, 1400 miles long, and 1400 miles across. One hundred forty four cubits is over200 feet thick, so the walls of the city are over 200 feet thick.  These measurements surpass the imagination, they indicate that this city is is the dwelling place of God’s presence.

 

18 The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. 19 The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

This picture of the walls made of jewels show that the new Jerusalem will be a place of purity and durability. It will last forever!  Even though the walls are over 200 feet thick they are transparent like like chrystalline jasper.  The city itself, especially the streets are also transparent even tough they are made of pure gold.  This transparency and beauty represents never ending glory and beauty.  The stones that serve as the foundation for the wall are named for the twelve apostles.  There is no way to know which stone represents which apostle,

Jasper is probably colorless

Sapphire is blue

Chalcedony is green or greenish blue

Emerald is bright green

Sardonyx has layers of red and white

Sardius is blood red

Chysolite is yellow

Beryl is blue or green

Topaz is golden

Chrysoprase is apple green

Jacinth is blue or blue purple

Amethyst is purple of violet

 

The twelve gates, represent the twelve tribes of Israel and  each are made from one huge pearl.  The thing that is striking is that the street is gold and it is significant that only one street is mentioned.

We will pick up on the last section of this chapter in the next couple of days- then we will get to the last chapter of this book. There are 22 chapters in Revelation.  So if some preacher wants you to memorize Rev 24:15, do not stay up all night trying to find it!

Keep all of our nations leaders in your prayers, keep all those who are sick and suffering in your prayers, keep those who are being persecuted for the Gospels sake in your prayers, and also those who have lost loved ones, in your prayers that they may know the peace of Christ and have the strength and faith to pursue joy during this time of the year.

MERRY CHRIST MASS!!

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