One of the most difficult doctrines of Christianity is that of the Holy Trinity. This is not arrived at by looking at any single verse but by looking at scripture as a whole. The Holy Trinity consists of three persons*, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit( some say Holy Ghost). Each is coequal with the other. This is NOT three gods but only ONE GOD. They are three distinct persons; yet, they are all the one God. Each has a will, can speak, can love, etc., and these are demonstrations of personhood. They are in absolute perfect harmony consisting of one substance. They are coeternal, coequal, and copowerful. If any one of the three were removed, there would be no God. Jesus, the Son, is one person with two natures: Divine and Human. This is called the Hypostatic Union. The Holy Spirit is also divine in nature and is self aware, the third person of the Trinity. he Father chooses who will be saved (Eph. 1:4); the Son redeems them (Eph. 1:7); and the Holy Spirit seals them, (Eph. 1:13). * The word “person” is used to describe the three members of the Godhead because the word “person” is appropriate. A person is self aware, can speak, love, hate, say “you,” “yours,” “me,” “mine,” etc. Each of the three persons in the Trinity demonstrate these qualities. It is the doctrine that there is only one God, not three, and that the one God exists in three persons: Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. An analogy would be time. Time is past, present, and future. But, there are not three times, only one.
For a proper understanding of Jesus and, therefore, all other doctrines that relate to Him, His two natures must be properly understood and defined. Jesus is one person with two natures. This is why He would grow in wisdom and stature (Luke 2:52) yet know all things (John 21:17). He is the Divine Word that became flesh (John 1:1,14).
The Bible is about Jesus (John 5:39). The prophets prophesied about Him (Acts 10:43). The Father bore witness of Him (John 5:37; 8:18). The Holy Spirit bore witness of Him (John 15:26). The works Jesus did bore witness of Him (John 5:36; 10:25). The multitudes bore witness of Him (John 12:17). And, Jesus bore witness of Himself (John 14:6; 18:6).
1 Tim. 2:5 says, “For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.” Right now, there is a man in heaven on the throne of God. He is our advocate with the Father (1 John 2:1). He is our Savior (Titus 2:13). He is our Lord (Rom. 10:9-10). He is Jesus.
The Holy Spirit is the third person in the Trinity. He is fully God. He is eternal, omniscient, omnipresent, has a will, and can speak. He is alive. He is a person. He is not particularly visible in the Bible because His ministry is to bear witness of Jesus (John 15:26).
The truth is that the Holy Spirit is a person the same as the Father and the Son are within the Trinity.
The Works of the Holy Spirit
|Access to God – Eph. 2:18||Inspires prayer – Eph. 6:18; Jude 20|
|Anoints for Service – Luke 4:18||Intercedes –Rom. 8:26|
|Assures – Rom. 8:15-16; Gal. 4:6||Interprets Scripture – 1 Cor. 2:1,14;
|Authors Scripture – 2 Pet. 1:20-21||Leads – Rom. 8:14|
|Baptizes – John 1:23-34; 1 Cor. 12:13-14||Liberates – Rom. 8:2|
|Believers Born of – John 3:3-6||Molds Character – Gal. 5:22-23|
|Calls and Commissions – Acts 13:24; 20:28||Produces fruit – Gal. 5:22-23|
|Cleanses – 1 Thess. 3:13; 1 Pet. 1:2||Empowers Believers – Luke 24:49|
|Convicts of sin – John 16:9,14||Raises from the dead – Rom. 8:11|
|Creates – Gen. 1:2; Job 33:4||Regenerates – Titus 3:5|
|Empowers – 1 Thess. 1:5||Sanctifies – Rom. 15:16|
|Fills – Acts 2:4; 4:29-31; 5:18-20||Seals – Eph. 1:13-14; 4:30|
|Gives gifts – 1 Cor. 12:8-11||Strengthens – Eph. 3:16; Acts 1:8; 2:4;
1 Cor. 2:4
|Glorifies Christ – John 16:14||Teaches – John 14:26|
|Guides in truth – John 16:13||Testifies of Jesus – John 15:26|
|Helps our weakness – Rom. 8:26||Victory over flesh – Rom. 8:2-4; Gal. 4:6|
|Indwells believers – Rom. 8:9-14; Gal. 4:6||Worship helper – Phil. 3:3|
|His Names||His Attributes||Symbols of||Sins Against||Power in
2 Cor. 3:18
1 Cor. 2:10
|Spirit of God
1 Cor. 3:16
1 Cor. 12:11
|Filled with Power
|Spirit of Truth
|Witness of Jesus
Acts 8:29; 13:2
1 Thess. 5:19